The Dallas Safari Club auctioned off a black rhino hunt in Namibia for $350,000 Saturday night.
The winning bid was placed by a well-known safari booking agent at the auction.
Several hunters bid for the chance to go on the historic hunt.
A generous donation of $100,000 was given before the bidding began by a well-known Texas hunter and conservationist.
All of the proceeds from the sale will go to the Namibian government for black rhino conservation.
A government-approved annual quota, in place in Namibia since 2012, gives permission for the killing of five black rhinos per year.
“Science shows that selective hunting helps rhino populations grow,” the club said in a statement released after the US auction.
“Removing old, post-breeding bulls, which are territorial, aggressive and often kill younger, breeding bulls, cows and even calves, increases survival and productivity in a herd.”
Namibia wildlife authorities on Friday defended the auctioning of permits, saying the kill was aimed at conserving the endangered species.
But Dallas Safari Club director Ben Carter said he has received more than a dozen e-mailed death threats against his family and members of his staff.
“It is some pretty crazy stuff,” he told NBC News.
“A number of the e-mails said, ‘For every rhino you kill, we will kill a member of the club.’”
The Texas-based group sought help from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, which said it was taking the threats “seriously.”
According to the club, Namibian wildlife officials will accompany the auction winner through Mangetti National Park where the hunt will occur, “to ensure the correct type of animal is taken.”
The Dallas Safari Club also stated that meat from the rhino will feed “a nearby community,” if the hunt is successful.
Carter defended the hunt in a recent press release in which he insisted that the auction will help increase the size of the herd by removing an old “post-breeding” male.
Several months ago, the Humane Society of the US described the news of the auction as “disturbing” and vowed to campaign against the issuance of a US permit to return the trophy.
“The world is seeing a concerted effort to preserve the very few black rhinos and other rhinos who are dodging poachers’ bullets and habitat destruction,” Wayne Pacelle, president of the HSUS, said.
Black rhinoceroses are internationally considered an endangered species and the World Wildlife Fund says there are less than 5,000 remaining in Africa.
Namibia, a semi-desert southern African country, has a black rhino population of nearly 1,800.
Namibia is less affected by rhino poaching compared with its neighbour, South Africa, with only 10 killed since 2006, according to the international wildlife trade monitoring network Traffic.